General internal medicine

Doctors in general internal medicine (GIM) diagnose, treat and manage the care of inpatients and outpatients with acute and long term medical conditions.

This page provides useful information on the nature of the work, the common procedures/interventions, sub-specialties and other roles that may interest you.

Nature of the work

Doctors in general internal medicine diagnose and treat the wide spectrum of medical disorders that present acutely to hospital emergency departments and acute medical units, referring for specialist opinion and care as appropriate.

They provide advice and care for patients admitted to hospital under other specialties (e.g. surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology) who have or develop medical problems.

Doctors working in GIM also diagnose and treat the wide spectrum of medical conditions that are referred to medical outpatient clinics.

The work also involves managing patients with co-morbidities (ie complex medical problems involving multiple symptoms and conditions), including elderly patients with frailty and dementia.

Doctors specialising in GIM are part of the acute medical care workforce, which includes those who practise acute medicine, geriatrics and other ‘physicianly specialties’ such as gastroenterology, diabetes and endocrinology, respiratory medicine, cardiology, renal medicine and rheumatology. GIM may be practised on its own, but it is more usual to combine GIM with one of these specialties.

Some physicians may also combine GIM with academic research or a non-clinical role. GIM may also be practised in conjunction with two sub-specialties, metabolic medicine and stroke medicine.

Common procedures/interventions

These include:

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Other roles that may interest you

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