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Psychotherapists help people to overcome stress, emotional and relationship problems or troublesome habits. 

Training and qualifications required

You’ll need to undertake appropriate recognised training which will need a good class of honours degree in a relevant subject. You may also need to be a qualified and experienced healthcare practitioner, such as a psychiatrist or mental health nurse. Training usually takes four years, combining study with clinical training. Clinical training includes treating individual patients under supervision.

Expected working hours and salary range

Most jobs in the NHS are covered by the Agenda for Change (AfC) pay scales. While training, you'll typically be paid at band 6. After completing your training, you'll be paid at band 7. You’ll usually work standard hours of 37.5 per week. Terms and conditions can vary for employers outside of the NHS.

Desirable skills and values

You’ll need a range of skills including a keen awareness of people and their behaviour, the ability to relate to a wide range of people and excellent communication skills. If you're applying for a role either directly in the NHS or in an organisation that provides NHS services, you'll be asked to show how you think the values of the NHS Constitution apply in your everyday work.


As your professional experience and knowledge grows, you can move into more senior positions. There are opportunities to be involved in research and training people to become psychotherapists. As well as moving to more senior and specialised roles, you will also have the chance to take on additional responsibilities and progress within the organisation.
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