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  1. Urology

    Urologists (also known as urological surgeons) treat problems of the female urinary system and the male genitourinary tract. They diagnose and treat disorders of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate and male reproductive organs.

    Training usually starts with a five year first degree in medicine and two years foundation training. You'll then do two years of core training (CT1–2), followed by five years of specialist training (ST3-7). This period of training will include completing your royal college exams. Length of training can vary according to your circumstances.
    Working hours should not exceed 48 hours a week. The working hours may sometimes extend beyond the normal working day to include early mornings, evenings and weekends. On call likely. Pay scales (2017): Consultants earn between £76,761 and £103,490.
    You'll need stamina to work under pressure and the willingness to take initiative in highly pressurised and emotive situations. You'll also need practical skills such as good hand-eye co-ordination, manual dexterity and visuo-spatial awareness. Good communication and organisational skills are important. You'll also need the ability to work well within a team and to lead and manage others effectively.
    There are 812 consultants in urology in England in 2016. Opportunities exist for research and teaching.
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