District nurses play a crucial role in the primary healthcare team. They visit people in their own homes or in residential care homes, providing increasingly complex care for patients and supporting family members.
As a district nurse, you'll
- assess the healthcare needs of patients and families
- monitor the quality of care they're receiving
- be professionally accountable for its delivery.
Your patients could be any age, but they'll often be elderly, while others may have been recently discharged from hospital, be terminally ill or have physical disabilities.
You'll be visiting patients every day or more than once a day, offering help, advice and support. You may work on your own or with other groups, such as the social services, voluntary agencies and other NHS organisations and help to provide and co-ordinate a wide range of care services.
As well as providing direct patient care, you'll have a teaching and support role, working with patients to enable them to care for themselves or with family members teaching them how to give care to their relatives. You'll also accountable for your own patient caseloads.
You'll play a vital role in keeping hospital admissions and readmissions to a minimum and ensuring that patients can return to their own homes as soon as possible.
Entry requirements and training
District nurse training programmes are known as specialist practitioner programmes and are at degree level. You can also find courses at post graduate certificate and masters level. They are normally no less than one academic year (32 weeks) full time or part-time equivalent.
Specialist practitioner programmes comprise 50% theory and 50% practice and concentrate on four areas:
- clinical nursing practice
- care and programme management
- clinical practice development
- clinical practice leadership.
Community staff nurses can be funded onto a district nurse specialist practitioner programme via their employing organisation. Sponsorship opportunities are also available each year, usually with a September start, for applicants with the relevant registration and experience. These are advertised in the nursing press and the NHS Jobs website about six months prior to the start date.
'It's my job to assess and support patients, then co-ordinate a care package to give them the help they need.' Suzanne Whitwell, tissue viability nurse
Want to learn more?
- Find out about the range of skills are also needed to be a district nurse
- Find out about the training and development opportunites in district nursing
- Pay and conditions Expand / Collapse
Most jobs in the NHS are covered by the Agenda for Change (AfC) pay scales. This pay system covers all staff except doctors, dentists and the most senior managers. District nursing jobs usually start at band 6 but there is opportunity to move up the bands with more experience. District nurses in the NHS will usually work standard hours of 37.5 per week. Terms and conditions can vary for employers outside of the NHS.
- Where the role can lead Expand / Collapse
Once you have qualified as a district nurse, there are a wide range of opportunities. You may want to lead a team and become a community matron or move into teaching or clinical research.
- Job market and vacancies Expand / Collapse
There are nearly 6,000 district nurses in today’s NHS workforce and job and training opportunities will continue to grow as more nursing care moves out of hospitals and into the community. For example, the number of district nursing training places increased by 16.5% to over 500 in 2015.
Most NHS organisations advertise their job and apprenticeship vacancies on NHS Jobs, including those who run NHS services. Some advertise on their own websites. You can find NHS organisations on NHS Choices.
If you're applying for a role either directly in the NHS or in an organisation that provides NHS services, you'll be asked to show how you think the values of the NHS Constitution apply in your everyday work. Find out more about NHS values.
- Further information Expand / Collapse