Clinical oncology

A clinical oncologist is a doctor who uses chemotherapy, radiotherapy and a range of other treatments to care for patients with cancer.

You’ll treat patients with all types of cancer using a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, which separates the role from medical oncologists who use non-radiological treatments.

Life as a clinical oncologist 

Your patient’s cancer diagnosis will be given by another specialist and your role will be to determine the type of treatment, which will require you to draw on your training and experience daily. 

You’ll need to be prepared to answer all your patient’s questions about their condition and their care. Helping them come to terms with their cancer and their treatment is a vital part of your work. 

The role of a clinical oncologist is highly collaborative. You’ll work closely with your patients but also your colleagues as part of a multidisciplinary team. So, you’ll need first-class people skills. 

A significant part of your time will be spent in the radiotherapy department. Working alongside colleagues, you’ll be expected to produce personalised treatment plans for all patients, which are a very important part of a clinical oncologist’s work. Technological advances are developing all the time leading to improved patient care and treatment outcomes. 

Clinical oncologist is a demanding role, but your skills and expertise will make an enormous difference to your patients and it’s a very rewarding career.  

How much can I earn? 

You’ll first earn a salary when you start your foundation training after medical school. The basic salary ranges from £32,398 to £37,303. Once you start your specialty training in the NHS, you can expect to earn a salary of at least £43,923, which can increase to between £93,666 and £126,281 as a consultant.

How about the benefits? 

  • make a difference 
  • flexible and part-time working 
  • high income early in your career   
  • work anywhere in the world   
  • excellent pension scheme 
  • good holiday entitlement 
  • NHS discounts in shops and restaurants 

Must-have skills 

  • excellent communication skills to manage a wide range of relationships with colleagues, and patients and their families  
  • emotional resilience, a calm temperament and the ability to work well under pressure  
  • teamwork and the capacity to lead multidisciplinary teams  
  • problem-solving and diagnostic skills  
  • outstanding organisational ability and effective decision-making skills  
  • first-class time and resource management for the benefit of patients  

Entry requirements 

Your first step is medical school. Typically, you’ll need excellent GCSEs and three A or A* passes at A level including chemistry for a five-year undergraduate degree in medicine. Many medical schools also ask for biology and others may require maths or physics.   

If you already have a degree, you could study for a four-year postgraduate degree in medicine.  

You’ll need to pass an interview and admissions test. You’ll be asked to show how you demonstrate the NHS values such as compassion and respect.  

Some medical schools look to recruit a mix of students from different backgrounds and geographical areas, so your educational and economic background and family circumstances could be considered as part of your application. 

What are my chances of starting a career as a clinical oncologist? 

In 2020, there were 170 applications for 49 places on specialty training for clinical oncology.  

How to become a clinical oncologist 

After medical school, you’ll join the paid two-year foundation programme where you’ll work in six placements in different settings.

After your foundation programme, you can apply for paid specialty training to become a clinical oncologist, which will take a minimum of seven years.  

You may be able to train part time, for example for health reasons or if you have family or caring responsibilities. 

Where a career as a clinical oncologist can take you

You could:

  • specialise or conduct research in specific cancers
  • teach medical students or postgraduate students in training
  • get involved in research at universities, the NHS or private sector

Other roles that may interest you

Make a comment or report a problem with this page

Help us improve

This form is for you to tell us about something that could be improved about the website or if there's anything wrong, incorrect or inaccurate with what you see. 

If you have a query about a career in the NHS, please visit our contact us page and call or email us.