Training and development (clinical genetics)

This page provides useful information on the training and development for this specialty and also has tips for people at all stages of their training including medical school.

The approved postgraduate training programme for clinical genetics is available at GMC curriculum for clinical genetics.

You will need to complete core training after your two-year foundation programme. Core training has a choice of three pathways:

  • core medical training – CMT, which is a two-year programme
  • acute care common stem – ACCS (Medicine), which is a three-year programme
  • framework of competences for level 1 training in paediatrics

Programmes consist of four to six placements in medical specialties which must include direct involvement in the acute medical take. Trainees record their workplace based assessments in an ePortfolio which they continue to use in specialty training.

Applicants for specialty training at ST3 should also hold either the full MRCP (UK), MRCPCH, MRCGP or equivalent postgraduate qualification. Not all applicants who meet the required standard to continue will necessarily be offered a post due to the level of competition.

Entry from other specialties such as obstetrics and gynaecology, surgery, general practice and psychiatry is welcomed.

Trainees can enter specialty training in clinical genetics at ST3 level. ST3 training takes a minimum of four years. The JRCPTB has detailed information on the curriculum and assessment.

Some trainees enter the specialty having already completed an MD or PhD while others take time out of their training programme to undertake a research degree.

A significant proportion of the trainees in genetics are training less than full time.

Getting in tips

These tips will give you some ideas to add to your CV. Whether you're a medical student, foundation trainee or doing your core specialty training, there's information below to help you. 

    • opportunities in medical training to visit clinical genetics departments are limited so make an effort to find out about this specialty
    • join your university medical society
    • attend conferences for medical students – many are free – this will give you an opportunity to network and meet your future colleagues
    • get involved with the GMC (General Medical Council), eg medical students can participate in visits to medical schools as part of the GMC’s quality assurance process
    • consider joining the specialist society for your chosen specialty as a student member, eg the British Society for Genetic Medicine or the Clinical Genetics Society
    • contact the training lead for clinical genetics in your HEE local office/deanery and the Royal College of Physicians’ regional specialty advisors/training programme director
    • consider becoming a student member of the BMA (the British Medical Association is the trade union and professional association for doctors and provides careers advice)
    • make your specialty decisions in good time so that you can test it out before committing yourself, eg by using hospital visits and clinical placements arranged as part of your course to ask questions and observe people at work
    • choose the topic of your supervised research project carefully to test out your career thinking
    • remember your first priority is to demonstrate that you have developed the personal, learning, clinical, practical and management skills needed by all doctors
    • think laterally when applying for rotations – vacancies may not be available in clinical genetics so apply for a rotation in a related field
    • talk to your clinical and educational supervisors about particular areas of interest to explore
    • use full placements to experience specialties that you might be interested in or apply for taster experiences if you can’t get a placement
    • talk with your peers about their career ideas and experiences – you may be able to help each other
    • listen to information and advice from more experienced doctors but make your own decisions
    • taking part in a clinical audit is important for your development as a doctor but you may be able to choose an audit project related to a specialty that interests you
    • ensure your Foundation e-portfolio has plenty of medical evidence and that this is kept properly up-to-date
    • try to gain teaching and management experience
    • look at competition ratios (ie the number of applicants to places) critically. Find out what is happening this year and spot any regional differences in competition ratios
    • view the resources on the Foundation Programme website
    • enter essay prizes and competitions
    • ensure a good grounding in acute general medicine
    • join the British Society for Genetic Medicine or the Clinical Genetics Society and get help with navigating your way through specialty training
    • speak to consultants about what the role is like
    • read as much information as you can on the websites of relevant professional bodies
    • impress interviewers by showing that your interest in the specialty is intrinsically motivated, ie you are drawn to the work and not just attracted by admiration of someone you have shadowed (You will also be happier in your career in that specialty many years later!)
    • be prepared to move to where the vacancies are
    • continue to develop your practical and academic expertise
    • undertake a research project
    • try to get some of your work published and present at national and international meetings
    • join or start a Journal Club (a group who meet to critically evaluate academic research)
    • teach junior colleagues
    • take on any management opportunities you are offered
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